Oxandrolone, commonly known by the name Anavar, is a synthetic oral anabolic and androgenic steroid. It is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone. It is one of the safest and mildest anabolic steroids. This is because Anavar has almost no androgenic effect. For this reason it is used by both women and men and is recommended as the steroid of choice for beginners. Despite this safety profile, Anavar side effects exist as people are different and tolerate drugs differently.
Anavar does not undergo aromatization like other anabolic steroids. For this reason Anavar is not associated with the estrogenic effects such as gynecomastia and painful nipples. In men, most of the side effects are usually mild unless a higher dosage than recommended is used. Even with super high dosages, the side effects are usually not as severe.
In men, there is usually a mild reduction in the production of endogenous testosterone. With reduction in testosterone levels, there is a reduced feeling of wellbeing, reduced ejaculate volume and reduced sperm count per ejaculate and an increased risk of low moods and depression. However, it does not lead to the testicular atrophy seen with other steroids, as the testicular function of testosterone synthesis is still retained in some cells. Some men may experience hair loss but this is limited to those who are genetically predisposed to alopecia.
In women, there is the risk of virilization. This is marked by increased body hair growth and sometimes development of a beard. There is deepening of the voice and coarsening of their features. Clitoral enlargement is also a side effect especially with sustained high doses.
In both men and women, there is increased production of sebum because of increased formation of sebaceous glands. The increased sebum leads to acne development and worsening of it if it was present before the start of steroid use. With oral consumption, some people experience stomach upset including nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhea.
Anavar is mild and safe. In the liver, unlike other hepatotoxic steroids, it is the safest and rarely leads to increased liver function tests indices. Over dosage and prolonged use outside the recommended period is why most people develop Anavar side effects.